The game of the century

Για σήμερα τελευταία ημέρα του χρόνου μία φημισμένη παρτίδα, αυτή ανάμεσα στον D. Byrne και τον 13χρονο τότε Fischer! Χαρακτηρίστηκε η παρτίδα του αιώνα, καθώς ο Fischer κερδίζει δείχνοντας δημιουργικότητα και φαντασία· στοιχεία δηλαδή που θα θέλαμε όλοι να βλέπουμε και στο δικό μας παιχνίδι. Με αυτή λοιπόν την ευχή αποχαιρετάμε το 2013 και ευχόμαστε ένα καλύτερο 2014! Υ.Γ. Οι βαριάντες είναι του GM Shipov, ενώ τα λεκτικά σχόλια έχουν προστεθεί από τη σελίδα της wikipedia. A game that I liked (ChessBase 12)
[Event "New York Rosenwald"] [Site "New York"] [Date "1956.??.??"] [Round "?"] [White "Byrne, Donald"] [Black "Fischer, Robert James"] [Result "0-1"] [ECO "D97"] [Annotator "Shipov"] [PlyCount "82"] [EventDate "1956.10.07"] [EventType "tourn"] [EventRounds "11"] [EventCountry "USA"] [Source "ChessBase"] [SourceDate "1999.07.01"] 1. Nf3 Nf6 2. c4 g6 3. Nc3 Bg7 4. d4 O-O 5. Bf4 d5 {Fischer defends based on "hypermodern" principles, inviting Byrne to establish a classical pawn stronghold in the center, which Fischer intends to target and undermine with his fianchettoed bishop and other pieces.} 6. Qb3 (6. e3) (6. Rc1 $5) 6... dxc4 7. Qxc4 c6 {Also possible is 7...Na6 (the Prins Variation), preparing ...c5 to challenge White's center.} 8. e4 Nbd7 (8... Bg4 9. Be2 Nfd7 10. Rd1 Bxf3 11. Bxf3 e5 12. dxe5 Bxe5 13. Bxe5 Nxe5 14. Rxd8 Nxc4 15. Rxf8+ Kxf8 16. Be2 $1 Nb6 (16... Nxb2 17. Kd2 b5 $8 18. Rb1 Nc4+ 19. Bxc4 bxc4 20. Rb4 $16) 17. Kd2 $14 { Dydyshko,V-Dorfman,J/Minsk/1986/1:0/57/}) (8... b5 $1 9. Qb3 Qa5 {/\ b4/} 10. Bd3 Be6 11. Qd1 c5 $5 $132) 9. Rd1 Nb6 10. Qc5 Bg4 11. Bg5 $2 {Wanting to prevent 11...Nfd7 followed by ...e5, but Byrne errs by not completing his development. Numerous authors suggest 11.Be2 instead, protecting the king and preparing kingside castling.} (11. Be2 Nfd7 12. Qa3 Bxf3 13. Bxf3 e5 14. dxe5 Qe8 15. Be2 Nxe5 16. O-O $14 {Flear,G-Morris,P/Dublin/1991/1:0/46/}) 11... Na4 $3 {"One of the most powerful moves of all time." (Jonathan Rowson). Fischer offers an ingenious knight sacrifice.} 12. Qa3 (12. Nxa4 {If Byrne played 12. Nxa4, Fischer would reply} Nxe4 13. Qc1 (13. Qxe7 Qa5+ 14. b4 Qxa4 15. Qxe4 Rfe8 16. Be7 Bxf3 17. gxf3 Bf8 $19) 13... Qa5+ 14. Nc3 Bxf3 15. gxf3 Nxg5 $17) 12... Nxc3 13. bxc3 Nxe4 {Fischer again offers material in order to open the e-file and get at White's uncastled king.} 14. Bxe7 Qb6 $17 {@/} 15. Bc4 (15. Bxf8 Bxf8 16. Qb3 Nxc3 $1 $17) 15... Nxc3 $1 16. Bc5 (16. Qxc3 Rfe8 17. Bxf7+ ( 17. Qe3 Qc7 $19) 17... Kxf7 18. Ng5+ Kxe7 19. O-O Bxd1 20. Rxd1 Qb5 $19) 16... Rfe8+ 17. Kf1 {Byrne threatens Fischer's queen; Fischer brings his rook into play, misplacing Byrne's king. It appears that Fischer must solve his problems with his queen, whereupon White can play 18.Qxc3, with a winning material advantage.} Be6 $3 {This stunning stratagem is the move that made this game famous. Instead of saving his queen, Fischer offers to sacrifice it.} (17... Nb5 $2 18. Bxf7+ $1 Kxf7 (18... Kh8 19. Bxb6 Nxa3 20. Bxe8 $16) 19. Qb3+ Be6 20. Ng5+ $18) 18. Bxb6 {Byrne takes the offered queen, hoping to outplay his 13-year-old opponent in the ensuing complications. However, Fischer gets far too much for his queen, leaving Byrne with a hopeless game.} (18. Bxe6 {would have been even worse, leading to a smothered mate with} Qb5+ 19. Kg1 Ne2+ 20. Kf1 Ng3+ 21. Kg1 Qf1+ $1 22. Rxf1 Ne2#) (18. Qxc3 Qxc5 $1 19. dxc5 Bxc3 20. Bxe6 Rxe6 $19) (18. Bd3 Nb5 $17) 18... Bxc4+ {Fischer now begins a 'windmill' series of discovered checks, picking up material.} 19. Kg1 Ne2+ 20. Kf1 Nxd4+ 21. Kg1 (21. Rd3 axb6 22. Qc3 Nxf3 $19) 21... Ne2+ 22. Kf1 Nc3+ 23. Kg1 axb6 24. Qb4 Ra4 $1 {Perhaps Byrne overlooked this move when analyzing 18.Bxb6, expecting instead 24...Nxd1? 25.Qxc4, which is much less clear. Otherwise, it is hard to explain why Byrne played 18.Bxb6, since Black now has a clear win.} 25. Qxb6 Nxd1 $19 {Byrne could resign here, but plays on until checkmate. One of Byrne's chess students related later why he played on: "First of all, you have to remember that in 1956 no one knew that Bobby Fischer was going to become Bobby Fischer! He was just a very promising 13-year-old kid who played a great game against me. When it got to the position where I was lost, I asked some of the other competitors if it might be a nice thing to let the kid mate me, as a kind of tribute to the fine game he played. They said, 'Sure, why not?' and so I did." Tim Krabbé, Open Chess Diary} 26. h3 Rxa2 27. Kh2 Nxf2 28. Re1 Rxe1 29. Qd8+ Bf8 30. Nxe1 Bd5 31. Nf3 Ne4 32. Qb8 b5 33. h4 h5 34. Ne5 Kg7 35. Kg1 Bc5+ 36. Kf1 Ng3+ 37. Ke1 Bb4+ (37... Bb3 $5) 38. Kd1 Bb3+ 39. Kc1 Ne2+ 40. Kb1 Nc3+ 41. Kc1 Rc2# {mate} 0-1

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